​​​​A lengthy international flight allowed  The Ballpointer  publisher  

Ronald Bell and  thINK columnist  Bruce Neufeld ample time to

butt heads, as they often do, about all things ballpoint. Alcohol was involved. I put in my two cents occasionally but mostly kept out of

it, content to record the proceedings from relative safety across

the aisle. This segment of their lengthy discussion was spent debating  Photorealism  in ballpoint pen art. It's amazing

how much two aging intellectuals can ramble on about a 

dead end topic. Now they had fourteen hours to kibitz.

Somewhere over Canada… 

Diversity of photorealism appearing in ballpoint pen artAct l

From above-left ... James Mylne (Samurai Jidai, 2008). Juan Francisco Casas (2016, detail ). Nathan Lorenzana (Re Virgin, 2016). Andrey Poletaev (Snowy New York, 2016, cropped detail ). ​​All artwork © respective artists​. 

FORUMARCHIVES    more links on the ARCHIVE page​​

​​TITLE Artist・Location   


Article text ... 

Link to the full article in the Ballpointer  ARCHIVES...

Click on an image above to read the fully archived article. 

Top left, outer book jacket art : Thomas Müller, Untitled  2014, ballpoint pen on Arches paper, 115 x 160cm (45.25 x 63'').  Above, book cover art : Lori Ellison, Untitled  2010, ballpoint pen on notebook paper, 21.6 x 27.9cm (8.5 x 11'').  Below : Rebecca E. Chamberlain,  Johnson Wax Factory Screen  (one of triptych) 2008, ballpoint ink on vintage tracing cloth, 317.5 x 104.1cm (125 x 41''). All artwork  © respective artists.

When he's not script-doctoring for TV, Bruce Neufeld is the opinionated uncle of The Ballpointer contributors. More often than not, he's just that annoying guy who drops by the office, backseat browses and hopes to be thrown a bone. The Ballpointer  doesn't always agree with his  ''Ain't No Conversation If There Ain't No Argument' style of reportage, nor do we condone his insensitive codgery, but, the views he offers are just as valid as the next, and,  The Ballpointer  is an equal opportunity outlet. No points of view are suppressed here. Feedback is welcome.


​​​​Ronald Bell: So it's just this new, fashionable 21st century rebranding as 'Hyper-realism' that irks you?

Bruce Neufeld: It's never just one thing with me, you know that. (RB nods in agreement while laughing.) We're talking  figurative art  and  Photorealism , two terms that describe their subjects perfectly.

When I hear 'Hyper-realism' I think realer-than-real.

I think Don EddyRichard Estes, Chuck Close; names from art history. Back then (late-1960s

into the 70s) it was enough to simply call it what

it was; Photorealism. Seamless, technicolor

painting that could truly be mistaken for a photograph. It was a full-fledged art movement.

More importantly, a first of its kind. Compared to what those artists were doing, today's so-called 'Hyper-realists' don't even come close! 

With the heightened interest surrounding ballpoint pen as an art medium, the remaining blanks in ballpoint pen art history are slowly but surely being filled in. To those who have followed the medium with more than just a passing curiosity, Matt Rota's recently published book The Art of Ballpoint also helps fill in some of those blanks. To those newly introduced to the medium, the book may even be revelatory. I looked forward to reading this book and had high hopes for it, being the first of its kind. I am also all-in to support anyone writing at length about ballpoint pen art, and Rota seems to know a thing or two about it — or at least did his homework on the subject — but does he know enough about ballpoints to be the writer of the-book-that-needs-to-be-written? With his freshman foray into the world of publishing, Rota ambitiously crams three books into one; a ballpoint pen history book, a ballpoint pen art  history book and a how-to book. Therein lay The Art of Ballpoint's biggest shortcoming. In being all of the above, all of the above suffer...

Read the full review in the  FORUM  archives ...

That kind of marketing misdirect—claiming to be 'first'—was, on its own, enough to make me approach Ballpoint Art  with a level of skepticism, but, admittedly, I approach most of what I read about 'Art ' with similar caution. I'm an optimist, at heart, always anxious to give credit where credit is due, but I am also not one to gush. Morse and the folks over at Laurence King Publishing have succeeded at producing a fine 'compendium' which covers plenty of ground, but whether or not Morse's book is an informative READ  becomes secondary. For an art  book, it's unfortunately not a very good SEE. Thomas Müller's dynamic ballpoint linework gracing the cover is effective in attracting the eyes of passersby, and his work received art directorial care inside, as well, but the remainder of the book's art content should've received as much consideration. Unfortunately, much of it is sabotaged by poor art directorial choices. Whose idea was it to print an art book on such porous, off-white paper? Poor Toyin Odutola, whose mixed-media ballpoint artworks are dark to begin with, suffers most; the subtleties within her mixings become even less appreciable. Morse and the artists themselves extol the beauty of 'ballpoint blue' throughout the book, but the printing faux pax robs much of that blue of its beauty. The respective artworks of Il Lee and Rebecca E. Chamberlain, which are all about that blue, are additionally sapped of impact by reduction. A double-page spread of Ignacio Uriarte's large-scale scribbles—16 uniformly-dimensioned works which could be mistaken as Il Lee color tests—also don't seem as impressive in reduction for the printed page as they might as expensive wallpaper for sale in a gallery, and those four pages could've been put to better use. 

Imbalanced, sometimes inexplicable content also leaves me thinking Morse was simply in the right place at the right time, a writer looking for something new finds a topic ripe for exploitation. Morse claims ten years experience in writing about art, but ballpoint art seems to be a recent addition. If his earliest experience writing about ballpoint art dates from the 2014 ARTnews assignment he cites as impetus for writing Ballpoint Art, that's still almost a decade late of the initial surge of interest and subsequent popularity of the medium in the wake of Juan Francisco Casas' viral debut, circa 2006, which, itself, occurred well after the pre-internet presence of ballpoint forefathers Il Lee and Lennie Mace. Morse's ARTnews article (and a few offshoots he penned, at least one of them put to use in hawking his book) covered many artists whose work had appeared in the group exhibition Ballpoint Pen Drawing Since 1950, held in 2013 at The Aldrich Contemporary Art Museum in Connecticut, essentially making Ballpoint Art  a belated catalogue of that exhibition. Morse credits its curator, Richard Klein, among those he turned to in preparing Ballpoint Art, explaining the academic slant of Morse's art choices. Art academia brings loftier ideals into the picture and often favors credentials over actual talent. Art media testimonials, New York gallery representation or artwork in the collections of (insert Art Institution name here) are what keep those dogs chasing their own tails, placing importance upon artwork which requires scholarly spin, whereby one needs a BFA in over-intellectualization to understand why an artist used blue. Seeing as Morse is positioning himself as the go-to voice of ballpoint pens for the Whitney set, even with his own personal expertise still a work-in-progress, it's no surprise he places his faith on the knowledge of would-be arbiters of what's important. Readers who don't know any better, mostly impressionable art students, take the word of such authorities as law, setting a shaky foundation for all that follows. I reckon myself the one to remind them that art history is just as subjective as the art, itself, and capable of just as much bias as home-team-spirit. Having said that, feel free to disregard me, too. 

BALLPOINTSPLUS  from elsewhere on the internet

Wikipedia・Ballpoint pen artwork  

Broad and thoroughly informative, if somewhat clinical and negligibly incomplete, introduction to and overview of the ballpoint genre. Given the confines of encyclopedic acceptability, the article's lack of personality is forgivable. Just the facts, Ma'am. Its first incarnation, as "Ballpoint pen drawings", appeared in 2011 as one poorly written, unsourced, 2,000-character paragraph. The article went through various self-promotional, free-for-all incarnations until finally given deserved respectability and taken to fruition in 2012 by an ambitious wikipedia contributor who turned the paragraph into the 40,000-character, fully sourced, encyclopedia entry it remains today.  R. Bell


ARTNEWSMaking Cutting-Edge Art with Ballpoint PensTrent Morse・January 8, 2014   

Followers of the genre might feel ARTNEWS simply jumped the bandwagon to prove that they-know-ballpoints. Mr. Morse likely read the wikipedia page and tweaked it to suit ARTNEWS bias in an unsurprising act of exclusionary art politics to comandeer an unexploited and otherwise ignored corner of contemporary art. Academics drawing a line in the sand, so to speak? Maybe its merely another case of ill-informed coverage. Understandably, they've got their own agendas to serve, but: an article chronicling the history of ballpoint art with no mention of Lennie Mace? Morse even bypassed the ballpoint photorealism (and viral overkill) of Juan Francisco Casas in favor of naming the "Portuguese lawyer" who reportedly achieved the same (ballpoint photorealism and  viral overkill) "as a hobby".  B. Neufeld  


The Age (Australia)Are Melbourne's commercial galleries becoming an endangered species?Lucinda Schmidt・June 24, 2014 

Troubling Truths: this article about the state-of-the Art Scene in Melbourne, Australia touches upon a topic familiar to many world-class "art" cities. "Why buy what I can get for free?" and "Why leave the comforts of home to see art I can see from right here on my sofa?"  Buying what you can get for free shows you actually care enough to support it, and leaving the comforts of home is underrated.  O. Lebron  



Hopefully Morse is simply ignorant of ballpoint goings-on beyond his understanding of it, not playing dumb in service of agendas. Either way, four pages wasted furthering the importance of Jan Fabre's ballpoint chicanery? Fabre attracted 15 minutes of fame in the 1980s by 'drawing on a castle'. It was the shark-in-formaldehyde of his era; art-as-audacity at the start of a generation where 'con' and 'artist' were conjoined, suckering anyone who would buy their proverbial bridge. In ballpoint terms, Fabre could be considered the viral Casas of that period. As is often the case with hype, the 'castle' looks to be more of a manor house, the drawings show no expertise, and Fabre employed a team of assistants to handle the doodling. I wouldn't be surprised to learn an art grant was involved. It's unclear whether Morse had any direct contact with Fabre, as the Belgian artist's entry is presented in the form of an artist statement, Fabre explaining his work in the same way The Ballpointer  presents artists on its PICKS page (Morse handles several artists that way). In Fabre's own words, we at least learn that the structure was prepped 'by a professional team': covered in paper to receive the ballpoint ink. Morse allots a full page to a photo of the structure but the photo shows more landscape than 'castle' and no clear evidence of applied 'drawing'. Many examples of Fabre's ballpoint work also suffer from the same problems of muddiness and reduction which taint most of the book. Morse could've simply allotted Fabre an art sample with a caption in the 'condensed history of ballpoint art ' section, which is just about all Fabre deserves. Another problem of hype: just because it happened doesn't make it worthy of anything more than a footnote.   Click here to continue reading the full article ... 

thINK ARCHIVE   by B. Neufeld   originally posted May 9, 2016

book review: The Art of Ballpoint 

Written by Matt Rota・Published by Rockport Press

​​​     thINK  by B. Neufeld  posted June 30, 2017

book review:  Ballpoint Art ・by Trent Morse

Published by  Laurence King Publishing Ltd  London, England 


Just as so many presumptuous or naive ballpoint prodigies tripped over

each other to have you believe they 'came first ', so came the race for

First Place  in formally documenting ballpoint pen art history. Interestingly,

Wikipedia got there first, roundabout 2012, with an incomplete but fair

overview of the genre. That ersatz encyclopedia's account, however,

seems to have fallen short of art world acceptability and might've actually

been the spark that set subsequent writers on their respective courses of

corrective surgery. Among them was Orlando Lebron, a ballpoint art

collector and writer, who, with the expressed intent of ''creating discourse,

no strings attached '', began publishing The Ballpointer  in 2014 as a

kind of trade journal chronicling noteworthy goings-on in the medium. 

Next came Illustrator and School of Visual Arts professor Matt Rota's

book, The Art of Ballpoint, published in 2015. In it, Rota presented his

own selection of artists using ballpoint pens—mostly up-and-comers from

New York art school crowds, students and  instructors alike—along with

a ballpoint art history buffer and a series of drawing exercises. 
     Art writer Trent Morse's recently published Ballpoint Art, which touts

itself as 'the first compendium of art made with ballpoint pens', now

stands as the most current take on the subject. Morse turned to art-speak

semantics when questioned about assertions of being 'first ', informing us

he'd embarked upon his book prior to Rota and categorizing Rota's 

The Art of Ballpoint  as being more about technique, but Rota had also

covered ballpoint art history—even threw in a brief history of the pen ; J.J. Loud, Biro, et al—and the artists he introduced, although light on ballpoint hall-of-famers, comprise as much of a 'compendium' as those Morse presents, making Ballpoint Art  'first ' only in the sense that Rota didn't call his book a 'compendium'. I'm not even sure calling Ballpoint Art a 'com PEN dium' (get it ?) is a pun anyone intended (strategic italicization  usually helps make that clear). Morse's Ballpoint Art  is merely the latest entry from amongst those who reckon themselves in-the-know. Considering itself 'the first' is, therefore, besides the point  (pun intended). 

News, Reviews & Coverage of the Artists using Ballpoint Pens, the Artwork They Create, the Tools They Employ & Other Equally Newsworthy but Overlooked Art & Cultural Topics, Worldwide.

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    Since 2014・Volume 4

​​​​​​     thINK  by B. Neufeld & R. Bell edited by O. Lebron  posted August 1, 2016

REALLY ?Hype  & 'Hyper '・Act l

RB: You walked five miles to school barefooted, didn't you? Maybe they don't teach Photorealism in art school anymore. Or  art history
BN: This reboot as 'Hyper-realism' is just art-speak hype by Generation X, Y, Z  or whatever letter at the end of the alphabet we're on now. 
Orlando Lebron: What comes after ''? 
RB: Mayan  prophecies come true; skies fall.

(All laugh.)

BN: When I'm looking at a drawing — a drawing where crosshatching is clearly visible, even from ten feet away, and the only color used is blue — sure, it might be a fine photorealistic representation, but what's so 'hyper-realist' about a blue line drawing? Nothing seamless about that. 
RB: Are you singling out Juan Francisco Casas
BN: Not by any means; the drawings are fine for what they are, but no need to go over the top in describing them. And as the artist to whom the term is most associated, I think he's the least deserving of the classification. 'Hyper-' anything implies something over the top. You can file Casas' drawings under photorealism but there are other artists, I'm talking ballpointers, more worthy of the prefix 'hyper-' than Casas

​​OL: That might've been James Mylne or his reps who pushed 'Hyper-realism ' to promote his artwork. Or not; even lose track.
BN: OK, but for Mylne it's appropriate, if still a little over the top. Whatever. In black ink, Photorealist ballpoint drawing at least has ties to black and white photography. 
RB: The primary source for a whole string of ballpointers after Mylne. Celebrity portraits... 
BN: Fan art, not to sugarcoat it. Don't get me started! How many times did we have to see drawings of Audrey Hepburn in ballpoint?! I hope Mylne was getting a percentage of sales! Not to mention that the copycats' iconic subject matter only dulled the impact of the technical merits, to me, especially now ten years after. For too many artists it became medium-over-content — 'Ooooh, aaaah, ballpoint pen; here's Morgan Freeman; here's Angelina Jolie; here's Batman!'... 
RB: Just goes to show Mylne's internet reach. But, unlike Casas, his skills with a pen are such that the ballpoint lines are often indiscernible. 
BN: Exactly! Hyper-realism  if anything could ever be labelled 'Hyper-realism '. He has my permission to keep using it. (All laugh.) Andrey Poletaev fits that description, too, with his architecture. And with that same level of photo-visual precision, even Pepe Lozano and Nathan Lorenzana's blue-inked females fit the bill. 
RB: Along with Casas, that covers the triumvirate of Spaniards using blue ink for Photorealist nudes. Ballpointing's Blue Period ...

Continues  BELOW THE JUMP  as  Act ll...